is distributed throughout western U.S.A.
and extreme southwestern Canada
, as well as patchily in Mexico
(del Hoyo et al.
2011). The subspecies consobrinus
, endemic to Mexico's Guadalupe Island, is considered extinct, having not been recorded since the late 1800s (Kaeding 1905).Rights Holder
: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural ResourcesBibliographic Citation
: BirdLife International 2012. Pipilo maculatus
. In: IUCN 2014 . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1 . <www.iucnredlist.org