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American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)



American Robin (Turdus migratorius) American Robin (Turdus migratorius) American Robin (Turdus migratorius) American Robin (Turdus migratorius) Juvenile American Robin (Turdus migratorius) American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Class: Aves
Family: Turdidae
Common Name: American Robin
Genus: Turdus
Species Name: migratorius

About The American Robin

The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) breeds from most of Canada south, in the mountains, to southern Mexico. The winter range is shifted somewhat to the south. American Robins are found in cities and towns, on lawns, on farmland, and in forests. In winter, they are often associated with berry-bearing trees. In the arid southwestern United States, they summer mainly in coniferous forests in the mountains, rarely in the well-watered lowland suburbs. This common and widespread thrush is often seen running and hopping on lawns searching for earthworms, which are an important part of the diet, along with insects and berries (fruit may account for 60% of the diet year-round). Young are fed mainly on insects and earthworms. Contrary to popular belief, earthworms are located by sight, not sound. American Robins may nest in trees and shrubs, on eaves and ledges of barns, and even on window sills.

The American Robin's rich, rollicking song is often heard very early in the day in spring and summer, before first light. Males arrive on the nesting grounds before females and defend territories by singing (and sometimes fighting). In early courtship, females may be actively pursued by one or several males. The nest is built mainly by the female., usually1 to 8 m above the ground (up to around 20 m). The nest is a cup of grasses, twigs, and debris, worked into a solid foundation of mud and lined with fine grasses and plant fibers. The 3 to 7 pale blue eggs (usually 4) are incubated by the female for 12 to 14 days. Both parents feed the young, but the female more than the male. Parents are very aggressive in defending the nest. Young leave the nest around 14 to 16 days after hatching. Males may continue to care for the fledged young while the female initiates a second brood. In fall and winter, foraging American Robins may gather in large flocks. Migrating flocks often travel by day. Wintering range and migration habitats may vary a great deal from year to year and location to location, depending on weather and local food supplies.

(Kaufman 1996; AOU 1998; Dunn and Alderfer 2011)



Rights Holder: Leo Shapiro

Trips Where Observed

Alaska
Alaska 2010
Around The World in 66 Days
Moving the Car
Newfoundland
Puerto Rico
San Francisco 2007
Southeast Arizona

Member Lifelists

California
Illinois
Mexico
My Yard
New Jersey
North America
San Francisco
United States
World

Sites Where Observed

Location
Date
Notes
12/1/2001
Many high in trees or flying over.
7/10/2012
American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
Seen eating a red-bellied snake.
3/22/2014
heard only
7/16/2014
7/21/2014
7/10/2016
7/14/2016

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