Elf owls are often found in the upland deserts of Arizona and Sonora, Mexico, their range also spreads into parts of California, New Mexico and Texas. Most are members of three populations that breed in the area of the United States-Mexico border and spend the winter in southern Mexico. Three other distinct populations exist in southern Baja California and Puebla, Mexico; these populations are nonmigratory.
Biogeographic Regions: nearctic (Native )Rights Holder
: The Regents of the University of Michigan and its licensorsBibliographic Citation
: Sterling, K. 2002. "Micrathene whitneyi" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed April 27, 2013 at Citation Link