has a wide distribution within the Neotropics, with 12 recognised subspecies. Subspecies robustus
occurs in south-east Mexico
, east Guatemala
, overlapping with percautus
, also occuring in south-east Mexico as well as north Guatemala and Belize
. Subspecies fuscipennis
ranges from north Nicaragua
through Costa Rica
to west Panama
, overlapping with castaneiceps
which occurs in south-west Costa Rica and west Panama. Subspecies brunneiventris
is endemic to south-central Panama. Subspecies saturatus
occurs in east Panama and north-west Colombia
. Subspecies latifrons
is distributed in south-west Colombia and west Ecuador
, where it is uncommon to rare (del Hoyo et al.
1992, Restall et al.
2006). Subspecies zuliensis
occurs in north-east Colombia and north Venezuela
. Subspecies peruvianus
ranges from south-east Colombia and east Ecuador through Peru
to north-east Bolivia
and extreme west Brazil
. Subspecies serratus
is endemic to north-west Brazil. The nominate subspecies major
ranges from east Venezuela through Guyana
and French Guiana
to north-east Brazil (del Hoyo et al.
1992); this taxon is abundant where forest is intact (Restall et al.
2006). Subspecies olivascens
occurs in Amazonian Brazil (del Hoyo et al.
: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural ResourcesBibliographic Citation
: BirdLife International 2012. Tinamus major
. In: IUCN 2014 . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1 . <www.iucnredlist.org